Mesa Public Schools
Heat Illness Awareness and Practice Protocol
The MPS Heat Index is determined by adding the temperature to the relative humidity. For example, if the temperature is 105 degrees and the humidity is 35%, the total number is 140 (Danger Zone). When it is raining, the heat index may be modified at the discretion of the coach and athletic trainer.
|Under 135||Below Danger Zone||Practice as normally conducted. Water available and breaks given.|
|136-145||Danger Zone||Practice with modifications. Modifications may include; reduced amount of equipment worn, adjusted practice time, reduced running schedule. Water available and more frequent breaks given. Increased supervision by Athletic Training Staff and Coaches.|
|Above 146||Critical Zone||Practice modified, postponed, or cancelled: Modifications may include; no equipment worn or no running schedule. Water available and breaks given every 10-15 minutes or as needed. Practice moved indoors. Practice postponed until reading is no longer in the critical zone. Increased supervision by Athletic Training Staff and Coaches.|
- Have water available and encourage athletes to bring their own.
- Encourage athletes to hydrate PRIOR to practice. Athletes should consume17-20 fl. oz. of water ir sports drink 2-3 hours before exercise and 7-10 fl. oz. of water or a sports drink 10-20 minutes before exercise.
- Schedule water breaks into the practice plan. Be aware of situations where athletes may need more water breaks based on intensity level and climate conditions.
- Encourage athletes to hydrate AFTER practice with water or a sports drink. Energy drinks and soda are not recommended for use in hydrating the body.
|Fatigue - Headache -
Fever (not exceeding 104 degrees) - Dehydration - Rapid Heartbeat - Dizziness/Fainting - Nausea/Vomiting Muscle Cramps - Heavy Sweating or No Sweating
|The individual suffering from heat exhaustion should stop all physical activity and move immediately to a cool place out of the sun, preferably a cool, air-conditioned location. He/She should then lay down with feet slightly elevated, remove or loosen clothing, and drink cold (but not iced) slightly salty water or sports drink. Rest and replace fluids.|
|Headache - Dizziness - Disorientation Agitation/Confusion - Hallucinations -Sluggishness/Fatigue - Seizure -
Hot/Dry Skin Flushed but not sweaty - High Blood Pressure - Rapid Heart
Loss of Consciousness
|Person must be treated immediately as heat stroke can cause permanent damage or death. Take immediate first aid measures while waiting for help to arrive - CALL 9-1-1
-Get the person indoors preferably air conditioned
-Remove clothing and gently apply cool water to the skin followed by fanning to stimulate seating.
-Apply ice packs to the groin and armpits.
-Lie the person down in a cool area with the feet slightly elevated.